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International Association Against Painful Experiments on Animals

Alternatives To Animal Experiments Research Testing

22: References

References 1) C.T. Dollery, in Risk-Benefit Analysis in Drug Research, J.F. Cavalla (Ed.) (MTP Press Ltd., 1981). 2) P.B. Beeson, American Journal of Medicine, 1979, vol.67, 366-370. 3) T. Lewis, reproduced in ref.4; see also ref.2. 4) P.B. Beeson, Perspectives in Biology & Medicine, 1980, Part 2, S9-S24. 5) A Critical Look at Animal Research, (Medical Research Modernization Committee, New York, 1990). 6) L.K. Altman, Who Goes First? The Story of Self-Experimentation (New York, Random House, 1987). 7) W. Harvey, reproduced in ref.4. 8) K. Walker, The Story of Medicine (Hutchinson, 1954); and ref.9. 9) A. Hurst, Lancet, 1937, October 23, 950. 10) Science, 1990, May 18, 812-814. 11) J.C. Rothwell et al, Experimental Physiology, 1991, vol.76, 159-200. 12) R.A. Good et al, Annals of the New York Academy of Science, 1957, vol.64, 882-928. 13) I. Cresshull, Proceedings of the Physiological Society, 1981, March, 18P. 14) C. Bird, New Scientist, 1991, August 17, 34-39. 15) B. Reines, Cancer Research on Animals: Impact & Alternatives (NAVS, Chicago, 1986). 16) I.D.J. Brass, Congressional Testimony, 1981; reproduced in ref.15. 17) J. Cairns, Scientific American, 1985, November, 31-39. 18) A. Gellhorn, Cancer Research, 1953, vol.13, 205-215. 19) R.K. Johnson & A. Goldin, Cancer Treatment Reviews, 1975, vol.2, 1-31. 20) J. van Eys, The Cancer Bulletin, 1981, vol.33, 40-42; see also ref.15. 21) W. Sneader, Drug Discovery: the Evolution of Modern Medicine, (Wiley, 1985). 22) T. Lewis, Clinical Science, (Shaw & Sons Ltd, 1934). 23) E.M. Vaughan Williams, Antiarrhythmic Action & the puzzle of perhexiline (Academic Press, 1980). 24) S. Bellet, Clinical Disorders of the Heart Beat (Lea & Febiger, 1971). 25) J.L. Southworth et al, Journal of the American Medical Association, 1950, June 24, 717-720. 26) D. Williams, Lancet, 1939, September 23, 678-681. 27) E.S. Snell, Pharmacy International, 1986, February, 33-37. 28) British National Formulary, 1990, no.20. 29) R.S. Schwartz, in Human Transplantation, F.T. Rapaport (Ed.) (Grune & Stratton, 1968). 30) B. Inglis, A History of Medicine (Wiedenfield & Nicholson, 1965). 31) Z. Cope, Sidelights on the History of Medicine, (Butterworth, 1957). 32) W. Willcox, Proceedings of the Royal Society of Medicine, 1934, vol.27, 455-458. 33) R. Sharpe, The Cruel Deception: the Use of Animals in Medical Research (Thorsons, 1988) and references therein. 34) R.A. Good, Journal of Clinical Investigation, 1968, vol.47, 1466-1471. 35) M. Beddow Bayly, The Futility of Experiments on Living Animals (NAVS, London, 1962). 36) J.H. Kellogg in Lawson Tail, W. Risdon (NAVS, London, 1967). 37) L. Tait, Birmingham Daily Mail, 1882, January 21. 38) F. Treves, British Medical Journal, 1898, November 5, 1385-1390. 39) B. Moynihan, Lancet, 1930, October 11, 784. 40) A. Iben, Erie Daily News (USA), 1968, May 23. 41) J.L. Vaitukaitis, Clinical Research, 1991, vol.39, 145-156. 42) J.H. Comroe & R.D. Dripps, Science, 1976, April 9, 105-111. 43) R. Smith, British Medical Journal, 1987, November 28, 1404-1407. 44) R. Doll & A.B. Hill, British Medical Journal, 1954, June 26, 1451-1455; M. Susser, Epidemiologic Reviews, 1985, vol.7, 147-177. See also In Focus essay no. 4, People Power: the Achievements of Epidemiology over Animal Methods. 45) B.P. Reines, Science, 1989, August 11, 583. 46) Recorded in R. Smith, British Medical Journal, 1988, November 5, 1151. 47) T.H. Lee et al, Clinical Research, 1991, vol.39, 135-144. 48) E.J. Freireich, Journal of the National Cancer Institute, 1991, vol.83, 829-837. 49) In 1986, the Cruelty to Animals Act of 1876 was replaced by the Animals (Scientific Procedures) Act, which permitted the use of anaesthetized rodents to practice microsurgery. 50) For instance, D.Z. Macek and M. Kraushar, Statement regarding the clinical relevance of the vision research of Colin Blakemore (Medica Research Modernization Committee, 1990).

 

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