The Atomic Bomb Casualty Commission has monitored the long-term effects of radiation following the Hiroshima and Nagasaki explosions and, as Gilbert Beebe of the National Cancer Institute explains,16 “we have learned more about the human effects of ionizing radiation from the experience of the A-bomb survivors than any other source.”
© Imperial War Museum, London
(4) Atomic bomb explosions, World War II: Survivors were closely monitored and radiation effects studied. Despite the colossal amount of human data, animals continue to be subjected to radiation injury.
Epidemiological studies of soldiers exposed to atom bomb tests in 1957, and of workers at the federal government’s nuclear site at Hanford in Washing State, have revealed the hazards of low- level radiation.
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